Battles and Warriors
One of the first representations of battle in Roman art is the fresco with military scenes from the tomb of the Fabii, an exceptional testimony of the first half of the 3rd century BC.
A fighting scene between Greeks and Amazons was instead imprinted in stone and decorated the pediment of the temple of Apollo Sosianus in Rome, which stood in the area of the southern Campus Martius. The statues, brought to Rome from Greece, belong to the 5th century BC.
The military trophies were erected to celebrate the Roman victories in battle: this is the case of the marble trophy discovered on the Quirinale, in the area where the ancient gardens of Sallust stood. It most likely referred to the triumph of Augustus in Egypt in the war that ended with the battle of Actium in 31 BC.